Turistický Brod
Město Český Brod

About a city

Český Brod

 Český Brod is lying east of Prague at the edge of the middle Elbe Basin and appearing headland of the Middle-Bohemian Highlands. Český Brod, proclaimed zone of historical monuments in 1990, is counted among the oldest Czech towns and also contributed to their development. The town Český Brod was probably founded by Prague's bishop Jan I. (1134 - 1139) at one of the most important land paths -Trstenická path, which had connected Prague with southern and eastern mEurope.Český Brod is lying east of Prague at the edge of the middle Elbe Basin and appearing headland of the Middle-Bohemian Highlands. Český Brod, proclaimed zone of historical monuments in 1990, is counted among the oldest Czech towns and also contributed to their development. The town Český Brod was probably founded by Prague's bishop Jan I. (1134 - 1139) at one of the most important land paths - Trstenická path, which had connected Prague with southern and eastern Europe. The new market settlement with a roman church of St. Gothard and a large market was established at a mild knoll above the ford over Šembera stream, where probably stayed also a bishop's custom - house. Probably in 1268 Prague's bishop Jan III. of Dražice proclaimed the local market settlement a town named Biskupský Brod (Broda Episcopalis, Bishop's ford) and probably at the same time conferred to the town also hereditary right and other town rights, above all right of fortification wall. In 1315, when Ronovs with 500 men-at-arms occupied Brod, the town had already been using altered name Český Brod (Broda Bohemicalis, Czech ford). This way should the town have been differentiated from Německý Brod (German ford) which was lying at the same path. In connection with development of town's local governments Český Brod as the first servitude town in Bohemia and Moravia built the town hall already before 1402. In the Hussite Revolution, before which the archbishop’s district of Český Brod expired, the town aimed political and administrative autonomy, Roman king Sigismund raised Český Brod to the Kingstown in 1437.

Český Brod is an old gothic town with many historical building monuments. Cathedral of St. Gothard, late gothic belfry and the old town hall are counted among the most important ones. Houses of the town historical core usually have cellars, by which is possible to get into an underground corridor system. Part of this underground system has already been uncovered.

In new era is significant year 1960, when state authorities cancelled district of Český Brod an the region joined Kolín district.

Český Brod

Český Brod is lying east of Prague at the edge of the middle Elbe Basin and appearing headland of the Middle-Bohemian Highlands. Český Brod, proclaimed zone of historical monuments in 1990, is counted among the oldest Czech towns and also contributed to their development. The town Český Brod was probably founded by Prague's bishop Jan I. (1134 - 1139) at one of the most important land paths - Trstenická path, which had connected Prague with southern and eastern Europe.

A brief history of the town

Český Brod

mČeský Brod is an ancient gothic town founded most probably by Prague’s bishop Jan I. in the 12th century on one of the country’s most important provincial paths, called Trstenická, linking the then market settlement of Prague with south-eastern Europe. Jan III of Dražice, the bishop of Prague, made the local market settlement a town – Biskupský Brod (Broda Episcopalis, Bishopford) in the middle of the 13th century. Owing to trading and travelling activities and extensive agriculture in the local vicinity, Biskupský Brod soon became a significant trading centre possessing both a market and guest houses. At the beginning of the 14th century the name of the town was changed to Český Brod (Broda Bohemicalis, Czechford), to be distinguished from the town of Německý Brod (Broda Germanica, Germanford), lying on the same commercial path.

More about Český Brod

Český BrodThe second largest town in the Kolín district in the flow of time…

Český Brod was founded as a market settlement, probably by Jan I. (1134 – 1139), the bishop of Prague, on one of the country’s most important provincial paths, Trstenická, linking Prague with south-eastern Europe. The new market settlement, with the Roman St.Gothard cathedral, and a spacious marketplace, arose on a gentle hillock elevated over the town and across the Šembera brook, where apparently the then bishop custom house also stood. The local ford of great importance, a day’s trip away from both Prague and Kouřim, surrounded by extensive marshlands, guaranteed the settlement not only permanent subsistence but also certain security, and gave it the name of Brod (a ford).

The Český Brod tunnels

Podzemi dnesAn attentive reader of these pages and any local historian will surely remember some of the earlier articles we have published in the Českobrodský zpravodaj bulletin raise interest in Český Brod’s underground. Český Brod is an ancient historical gothic town and as such possesses unusual attributes. One of them is the underground network of passages, tunnels, and vaults. The awareness of their existence is mainly passed over by hearsay, tradition, legends, and myths. Scarcely ever can we find their exact description and siting, and never at all exact locations and mapping. Many a time, the front of the tunnels has been damaged to such an extent that the fragments of the premises accessible no longer provide an exact delineation of their lay-out, size and purpose. Why did our predecessors dig rooms and passages underground? We can perhaps assume that they were led by natural endeavour to secure shelter and escape passages in case their existence was threatened. Historians say one of the passages leads to religious buildings (churches), which in the Middle Ages were generally acknowledged as places of asylum (with the exceptions of the Hussites and Swedes during their raids). The underground premises were moreover, used for much more down-to-earth reasons – the storage of foodstuffs stocks, production and storing of beer, wine and agricultural crops. Undoubtedly, there is an underground system beneath Český Brod. Its current condition is most probably poor for the most part, the passages are either buried in or bricked up; some sections can be expected to have been flooded by groundwater. Indeed, as mentioned before there are legends and myths about the existence and lay-out of the Český Brod tunnels. These legends persist in spite of evidence to the contrary. The tunnels are mysterious, which is what attracts, allures. Logical arguments are nothing doing to disprove the legends. It will probably always be the case...

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